Bull’s Head

llington Street, Sandhill/South Launceston
SW cnr Charles & Brisbane Streets. Google Maps.
Charles Street
Charles and York Streets

1834-36 William Collins, Bull’s Head, Wellington Street/Main Road
1836-43 William Collins, Bull’s Head, Charles & Brisbane Streets
1843-50 William Duncan, Bull’s Head, Charles & Brisbane Streets (burnt down)
1850 William Duncan sen., Bull’s Head, Charles Street
1851-57 William Duncan, Senr., Bull’s Head, Charles and York Streets
1857-58 Alexander Duncan, Bull’s Head, Charles and York Streets
1858-66 John Burns Thompson, Bulls’ Head, Charles & York Streets
1866-71 William Tuner, Bull’s Head, Charles & York Streets
1871 Henry Millbank, Bull’s Head, Charles & York Streets
1871 Elizabeth Woods, Bull’s Head, Charles & York Streets

Cornwall Chronicle, 19 September 1836

Cornwall Chronicle, 3 December 1836

Launceston Advertiser, 8 June 1837

Extract from a very long advertisement:
Mr. Dudley lost his License for the House I now occupy, about twelve months ago, in consequence of its having been kept in the most abandoned manner, and being the resort of the most profligate. I then kept a Licensed House on the Sand Hills; the proposition was made to me to remove my License to Mr. Dudley’s House. I originally offered to purchase his interest in the Lease, and proposed giving him £300 for the same ; that, however, was declined, and ultimately I (foolishly I must say) agreed to take possession, by allowing him to take one-half of the profits,— and a memorandum to that effect was ultimately drawn up by Mr. Brean, my agreeing to pay in cash one-half of the value of certain articles of furniture, billiard-table, &c. prior, however, to my taking possession, I stipulated, that Mrs. Dudley end family should be removed, so that I might re-model the House upon different principles to which it had hitherto been conducted.
Cornwall Chronicle, 14 October 1837

Cornwall Chronicle, 2 February 1839

Cornwall Chronicle, 11 May 1839

Launceston Courier, 14 February 1842

Cornwall Chronicle, 24 June 1843

Transfers.— The Quarterly Meeting of Justices, for the transfer of Licenses, was held on Monday, at the Court House, when the following applications were sanctioned :—
From Patrick Walsh, Sir George Arther Inn, Sandhill, to Mr. Thomas Archer.
From Mr. Thomas Dudley, Black Swan, Wellington and Brisbane-streets, to Mr. James Childs.
From the executors of Mr. Collins, Bull’s Head, Charles-street, to Mr. William Duncan.
A new license was granted to Mr. James Whitehead, late of the Eagle’s Return, Snake Banks, for the Cornwall Hotel, Cameron-street.

Launceston Advertiser, 10 August 1843

Launceston Examiner, 23 August 1843

From “Annual Licensing Meeting”:
Wm. Duncan, ” Bull’s Head,”. corner of Charles and Brisbane streets. No conviction ; general conduct good ; house inferior, but clean and in good order, Granted.
Launceston Examiner, 4 September 1847

FIRE.—Another destructive fire occurred last night in Launceston, by which the public-house at the corner of Charles and Brisbane-streets, known as the “Bull’s Head,” kept by Mr. W. Duncan, was entirely consumed. The fire originated about half-past eleven o’clock, amongst some straw in an out-building, and the flames instantly took hold of the kitchen attached to the house of Mr. W. B. Button, grocer. Here the fire was arrested by copious supplies of water thrown upon the roof end sides, but from the nature of the buildings a clean sweep of the entire block was anticipated, and several shops were accordingly stripped of their goods, However, by great exertion, the conflagration was confined to the Bull’s Head,” which in the course of a few hours was level with the ground.

A detachment of the XI. Regiment, under the personal command of Major Harrold and Captain Thornton, as well as the police magistrate and a strong body of constabulary, were promptly on the ground, and maintained order amongst the vast crowd assembled. Mr. Button (who has been in business only two months) suffers severely from this distressing circumstance, for although his shop escaped total destruction by fire, yet many perishable articles have been entirely spoiled by being exposed to wet ; in fact, the gutter was streaming with blacking and sauces which had been thrown into the street to preserve them from the fire! Three engines were on the spot, but were frequently rendered useless by the absence of water ; when, however, the shouts of the people announced a supply, and the pumps were set to work, the flames temporarily subsided. By means of a grapple and chain the brick-togged walls were pulled down upon the burning mass, which was thus, in many places, smothered. It was gratifying to observe the strong desire to render assistance manifested by all present, but a feeling of disapprobation was expressed when a few individuals, who bad partaken too freely of Mr. Duncan’s case-bottle gin, made a demand for pecuniary reward. Mr. Button was uninsured; but, fortunately, Mr. Duncan holds a policy covering his stock and furniture.
Launceston Examiner, 12 June 1850

Cornwall Chronicle, 31 August 1850

Cornwall Chronicle, 30 August 1851

Cornwall Chronicle, 20 November 1852

From “Quarterly Licensing Meeting”:
The first application was to transfer the “Bull’s Head Inn” from William Duncan, senr., to Alexander Duncan, his son.
Mir. Miller, who appeared to support the application, read a very complimentary letter addressed to Mr A. Duncan, by Mr. Lowe, the auctioneer, in whose offices he had been for five years. Mr. Miller observed that the only possible objection against the transfer of tile license would be the age of the proposed holder of it. He would, however, be of age in two months, and in the meantime would have the assistance of his father, and after that of an elder brother and his wife.

The Police Magistrate said he must oppose the application on public grounds. He thought so young a person ought not to have been brought forward as the holder of a public-house license; he was surprised indeed, that it should be so. He was not of age, and in his opinion not competent to manage the house, which was frequented from its position by characters difficult to deal with.
Mir. Miller urged that the law mode no stipulation as to age: besides, it was well known the natives were unusually precocious,-and, besides, in this case the applicant would have the assistance of an elder brother.
The chairman said the magistrates could not well take that into consideration. The question was rather–was the younger Duncan, being of good character–disqualified by his age from having the house ?
Mr. Sams said the best guarantee of the fitness of the younger Duncan was the fact that his father was willing to allow him to take charge of his business. He was of opinion that unless the magistrates knew of something wrong against the son, they could not dare to refuse the application. It would be a monstrous interference with the interests of a family. In reply to the chairman, Mr. Duncan, sen., said Io held a lease of the premises, and had hire years to run.

Commander Drew said he did not see that there would be anything monstrous in refusing the application, if the Bench were of opinion that the proposed holder of the license was too young. At tile same time, under the circumstances of this case, he should not like to vote against the application.
The transfer was granted.

Launceston Examiner, 3 December 1857

From “Quarterly Licensing Meeting”:
John Barnes Thompson, for transfer of license of the “Bull’s head,” York-street, occupied by Alexander Duncan.
Launceston Examiner, 3 August 1858

From “Quarterly Licensing Meeting”:
Mr Hill [of the Enfield Hotel] had looked about for premises for which a bench of magistrates would be likely to grant a license and finding such a house next door where a public house, the Bull’s Head, had been kept for many years without annoying the inhabitants of Charles or Brisbane streets, be applied for that
Cornwall Chronicle, 3 August 1859

Launceston Examiner, 27 February 1866

Cornwall Chronicle, 14 March 1866

Launceston Examiner, 3 November 1866

Music in Public Houses.-William Turner, landlord of the Bull’s Head, and Patrick Rice of the George Inn, were each fined 5s, and 7s 6d costs, for permitting music in the bars of their licensed houses.
Launceston Examiner, 3 December 1870

Bull’s Head Inn.— On Friday, 14th inst.,at the Police Court, before Thomas Mason. Esq., and James John Hudson, Esq., J.P., permission was granted to Mr Henry Milbanke to sell liquors under the license, granted to Mr William Turner for the Bull’s Head Inn, Charles and York streets.
The Tasmanian, 22 April 1871

Cornwall Chronicle, 31 May 1871

Tasmanian Inn, Bull’s Head and Shamrock Hotel.— The applications of Mr Duncan McGregor, Mrs Woods and Mr Frederick Hollingsworth for permission to sell liquors until the next quarterly licensing meeting at the Tasmanian Inn, Bull’s Head and Shamrock Hotel, respectively, under the licenses held by Mr Henry Thomas Collings, Mr Henry Milbank. and Mrs Woods, were granted by the Launceston: Police Bench, at the Police Court on Friday, 26th ult.
The Tasmanian, 3 June 1871

Launceston Examiner, 3 August 1871

Launceston Examiner, 10 October 1871

PUBLIC HOUSES CLOSED.—The business of licensed victuallers in Launceston would appear to be on the decline, if we may judge by the number of public-houses which have been closed during the last few days. Whether our friends the total abstainers will accept this stale of things as the sign of an advance in the moral and intellectual status of the inhabitants of Launceston we cannot say; but we do not think the diminution in the number of such houses can be attributed to any extraordinary efforts lately put forth by teetotallers. There is little doubt that there are too many public-houses of the class referred to in Launceston, and in the present depressed state of business it is no wonder that they cannot be made to pay. That they are not high-class houses is proved by their closing just now, when a better prospect is opening to respectable houses in the influx of summer visitors from the neighboring colonies. No less than four are now closed — the Bull’s Head, the Royal Mail Hotel, the Shamrock Inn, and the Albion Inn,—and others are spoken of as likely to follow.
Cornwall Advertiser, 21 November 1871

Cornwall Advertiser, 7 May 1872

Cornwall Coffee Rooms

Bathurst & York St
Charles Street?
Paterson St.  Approximate location on Google Maps.

Paterson St, December 2016. The Coffee Rooms adjoined the old Examiner building  (the red, white & yellow building), so on the site of the brick and glass addition.

Paterson St, 1940s (low two-storey building, two doors along from the National. Tall brick building is the Examiner building).
Paterson St, 1970 (on the left).

1843 George Bygrave, York & Bathurst Streets*
1845 George Layton, Paterson St*
1845-51 licensed as the White Horse
1852-54 John Thompson, Paterson St

*I don’t know if these are the same establishment. Continue reading

Lamb and Flag — Bird in Hand (3) — Verandah Wine Vaults

SE cnr York and Bathurst Streets. Google maps.

1833 Thomas Butcher, Lamb & Flag, Launceston
1834 Thomas Butcher, Lamb & Flag, Launceston
1835 Hector McDonald, Lamb and Flag, Launceston
1836 John Waddle, Lamb and Flag, Bathurst St
1836 John Jordan, Lamb and Flag, Bathurst St
1837 Lamb and Flag, Bathurst & York Streets
1842 Edward Brown, Bird-in-Hand, Bathurst and York Streets
1843 Cornwall Coffee Rooms
1844 Thomas Dudley, Verandah Wine Vaults, Bathurst and York St*
1846 Edward Broderick, Freemason’s Tavern?**
1847-56 William Smart, Lamb and Flag York and Bathurst Streets
1856 Christina Smart/Marsden, Lamb and Flag York and Bathurst Streets
1856 Abel Blades, Lamb and Flag, York and Bathurst Streets
1860 Abel Blades, Lamb and Flag, Wellington and York streets.
1862-63 John Nunn, Lamb and Flag, Wellington and York streets.
1869-72 (at least) lodging house

*In December 1845, Dudley is advertising his Verandah Wine Vaults as being the former Hibernia Hotel, also in Bathurst St. However the annual licensing list for September 1845 has him at “Bathurst and York” so I am going to assume he changed locations in late 1845, until shown otherwise

**Edward Broderick is listed in the annual licensing acts with either Lamb and Flag or Freemason’s Tavern. He was refused a license because he was believed to have left the colony and “there were two applications, one by Broderick and another by a new applicant”, so the licence was refused. Prior to this, the Freemason Tavern is listed as being in Brisbane St, in a building that is vacant and for sale in 1846. At the same licensing meeting, an application by Edward Lawrence was refused for a license for the “Patriotic Six” on the corner of Bathurst and York St, for an old licensed house, formerly known as the “Freemason’s Tavern. Possibly then Broderick briefly transferred to the site of the Lamb and Flag, before skipping the colony.

Launceston Advertiser, 19 May 1836 Continue reading

Cross Keys Inn – Railway Tavern

Cnr of George and Cimitiere Streets, possibly north-east corner. Google Maps.
Southern side of York St, between Bathurst & Wellington Streets. Google Maps, approximate location

182930 James Anderson, Cross Keys, George Street
1831- Abraham Lenoy, Cross Keys, George Street
1832-36 Mary Lenoy, Cross Keys, George Street
1837-48 William Brean, Cross Keys, York St
1849 Robert Blake, Cross Keys, York Street
1850-51 Henry Mills, Cross Keys, York Street
1852 Abel Blades, Cross Keys, York Street
1853 James Lewis, Cross Keys, York Street
1856 John West, Cross Keys, York Street
1858 John Partridge, Cross Keys, York Street
1859-62 William Jones, Cross Keys, York Street
1862 Job Haycock, Cross Keys, York Street
1863-67 Edward Spencer, Railway Tavern, York Street
1868-70 William Darcy, Railway Tavern , York Street
1870 George Butterworth, Railway Tavern, York Street
1871 Licence Refused

Intersection of Cimitiere and George Sts. (Left side is the north-east corner.)
Continue reading

Caledonia Hotel/Caledonian Inn/Caledonian Wine Vaults (1)

cnr Charles and York Streets

182627 Robert Towers, Caledonia Hotel, Charles Street
1828-35 Mungo Sommerville, Caledonian, Charles Street
1836-37 George Sinclair Brodie, Caledonia Wine Vaults
1838 George Milne, Caledonian Tavern
1840 James McLeish, Caledonian Wine Vaults, Charles Street

Colonial Times, 1 September 1826
Colonial Times, 1 September 1826

Hobart Town Courier, 19 April 1828
Hobart Town Courier, 19 April 1828
Continue reading

Three Grand Masters–Shakespeare Hotel

1860-1879: southern corner St John St & the Quadrant Google Maps
1880+: SE corner St John & York Streets. Google Maps.
Later Metropolitan Hotel.

Location, cnr Quadrant and St John Street.

Cnr St John and York Streets.

Cnr St John and York Streets.

Photo, 1940s, as the Metropolitan.

1860-1862 Benjamin Hyrons, Three Grand Masters, Quadrant. G
1863 Thomas Bruff, Shakespeare Hotel, Quadrant name changed
1864-55 Benjamin Hyrons, Shakespeare Hotel, Quadrant
1866 Matthew Wilkes, Shakespeare
1866-67 Mr J. Solomon, Shakespeare Hotel, St John-street
1868-73 Joseph Dyson, sen Shakespeare Hotel, Quadrant
1874-78 Joseph Dyson, Shakespeare Hotel, St. John street and Quadrant
1880-88 Joseph Dyson, sen., Shakespeare Hotel, St. John and York streets location changed
1889-92 William Job Spearman, , York and St. John streets, Shakespeare Hotel
1893-1902 Hugh George Webb, Shakespeare Hotel, York and St John street
1903 Hugh Huston, Shakespeare Hotel, St John-street
1904 Edwin Waller, Metropolitan Hotel name changed
Continue reading

Caledonian Inn/Wine Vaults (2)

Corner of Charles and York Street

1841 James Ferguson, newly constructed building
1842-43 James Ferguson, Caledonian Wine Vaults, Charles & York Sts
1843-45 James Johnstone, Caledonian Wine Vaults Charles and York Sts
1845-50 Matthew Monaghan, Caledonian Wine Vaults Charles and York Sts
1851 transferred license to George Smith, corner of George & York Sts

Prior to 1841, there was an existing establishment known as the Caledonian Wine Vaults on the corner of Charles and York Streets. There’s not information to indicate if Ferguson constructed a new building that replaced the older one, or having obtained a licence for a new building, transferred to the existing premises.

The corner of Charles & York Streets adjoining the Plough Inn would be this corner.
Continue reading

Horse & Jockey (2)

York Street, southern side between Charles and St John St. Google Maps.

1845-48 Robert Radford, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1848-50 Henry Godfrey, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1851-52 Joseph Dyson, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1853 Joshua Carr, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1854-56 John How(e), Horse and Jockey, York Street
1856-59 Joshua Carr, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1859-62 Jane Carr, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1863 Elizabeth Sarah Reid, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1864-65 Thomas Barrett, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1866 William Dean, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1866 Martin Blake, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1867-74 Thomas Bruff, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1874-78 Mary Jane Bruff, Horse and Jockey, York Street
1879 refused

Continue reading