Central Deborah Gold Mine is a quartz-reef gold mine located on the Bendigo Flat near the Bendigo Creek. The mine operated from 1939 to 1954 and was the last commercial mine to operate in the wealthy Bendigo goldfields.

During this time miners extracted almost one tonne of gold (929kg) from the ground, which would be worth around $37 million in today's prices! From

First

Tour starts here.


So we travel down in the cage to level 2, and then down ladders to level 3, which is 85.3 m below ground (just belong the horizontal line there). That doesn't sound very far. You can see it goes down a long way beyond that, although I'm told these days levels 15-17 are under water.

Cage - 2

There's two gates there, a cage goes down on one side while another goes up on the other.

"Stand up against the side and face in."

There were four people in there when we went down. Very squishy. They told me these things are suppose to hold 6, or was it 8?, people. All I can say is they must have really liked each other.


Ladder by cages

That's the alternative way up/down when the cages aren't available. Much fun if you're half a kilometre down.

I have to use the flash down here.

Darker!

Otherwise it will all look like this, which would get a bit boring.

Lamp

We have lamps on the hats. The miners had carbide lights:

Calcium carbide + water = acetylene gas

Gas comes out the nozzle. Light the gas. Light!

And a fairly reliable, robust light source too, it seems. It could also work as indicator of the amount of oxygen present, they tell me, because the flame changed colour when the O2 level dropped off.

Narrow mine

This is a part of the mine that hasn't been widened to accommodate tour groups. Not unlike the convict-built tunnel from the old abandoned water scheme, although dug out with better equipment and less deaths.

Drill

The basic process is the same. Drill holes into the rock

Drill - holes

stick explosives into the holes. Hide.

Reinforced

That's old-style familiar style of reinforcing "bad rock".

Quartz

The replacment method is to shove metal "spikes" in, which then IIRC expand. There's one above the quartz vein.

Of course gold mining is all about the quartz, because that is where the gold is.

Ladder down

Right, down to the next level. There were two-three ladders to climb down

Tunnel

Then a sort of sub-level.

Ladder

Then another two-three ladders to climb down.

Ladder up

Quartz

Another seam of quartz.

Quartz dark

Quartz vein in more normal light (i.e. no flash.)

Air

Bringing air into the tunnels.

Chute

Now this thing had a name, but of course I've forgotten it. The loose rock was dropped down here into the cart, rather than having to take the cart to the site of mining/lug the rock down to the cart.


This is a very noisy, vibrating machine that I have forgotten the name of. This annoys me muchly.

Cage - 3

That's the entrance to the cage for level 3. See it looks wet there. It was like that underfoot a lot, even though the photos look dry, and in other places it was uneven. So it "Watch underfoot" all the time, and "Watch your head" at the same time.

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